17th Century New England, with special emphasis on the Salem Witchcraft Trials


Site Index


Images & Facsimilies

This is a very helpful collection of links for anyone who needs to add some graphics to a paper or report. There are images of items from daily life in the 17th c., as well as paintings, portraits, maps, and even manuscripts and entire rare books, page by page, from the period. Please note: respect all copyrights and obtain permission to reproduce copyrighted images.

Best! The Samuel Wyllys Papers by Connecticut State Library [Link #378]
From the site: "The Samuel Wyllys Papers are a group of 88 court documents from 1600s Connecticut, with the official title Depositions on Cases of Witchcraft, Assault, Theft, Drunkenness, and Other Crimes Tried In Connecticut 1663-1728." This is an amazing collection of digital facsimiles of 17th century court documents, with a very easy interface to find and examine them.

Best! Mayflower and Early Families [Link #6]
This is a very cool site -- full of texts of wills and deeds, image scans of actual documents, a bulletin board for discussions, some vital records (Saybrook, CT, and Plymouth County, MA) -- even a couple of "slide shows" about the Plymouth colony and the events in Salem. The site was orginally called "The Massachusetts Enquirer: Mayflower, MA & New England Events, People, Life" -- an interesting attempt to portray colonial New England events as if being reported today -- but the site has been deepened and that has become only part of the site, renamed "The Colonial Gazette" when the site was given a major overhaul in March-May 1999. Thumbs up to the folks at Maddox Interactive for this contribution to the Internet!

Best! A Digital Archive of American Architecture: 17th Century [Link #34]
This site is a visual study guide for a class at Boston University, taught by Prof. Jeffrey Howe, called "From Saltbox to Skyscraper: Architecture in America." I've selected just the 17th century part, which contains a slew of photographs by Howe of houses, churches, and the Saugus Iron Works, along with floorplans. This a terrific site!

Best! The Cartographic Creation of New England [Link #36]
From the site: "An exhibition of early maps that chronicles the effects of European exploration and settlement in north-eastern North America in creating a spatial concept called 'New England.' The Osher Map Library and Smith Center for Cartographic Education, University of Southern Maine, Portland. November 30th, 1996 to April 27th, 1997." Huge JPEGs (typically 1024 x 1536 pixels), including many by French explorer Champlain and:

Best! Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1640-1700 [Link #37]
Part of a course "Images. Print, Literacy and Power in America: to 1900,"at the University of California, Berkeley, LIS 182, Spring 2001, by Mary Kay Duggan, Assoc. Prof., Information Management and Systems. This site includes facsimiles of a wide variety of rare books and maps, including the following:

Best! Coins from 17th and 18th century Massachusetts [Link #38]
Lots of images and information of coins p roduced in the colonies up to 1750 from the Rare Books and Special Collections at the University of Notre Dame, including the Pine Tree Shilling.

17th, 18th & 19th Century Cape Cod Gravestones by Robert Paine Carlson [Link #308]
Gravestones Dated 1683 - 1860 in Barnstable County, Massachusetts; Gravestone Records from the 15 Towns of Cape Cod; Twenty Thousand Names with Gravestone Inscription Details: Eighteen Hundred Color Photographs; One Hundred Thirty Old Burying Grounds; Forty Six Gravestone Carvers;Seven Hundred Colonial Epitaphs

Best! Plimoth Plantation [Link #59]
This is a terrific site with lots of good information, primary source materials, and images about the first settlement in Plimoth, MA.

Best! NativeTech: Native American Technology and Art by Tara Prindle [Link #155]
This amazing site, hosted at the University of Connecticut website, is full of pictures of various articles made by natives, loads of descriptions, instructions, bibliographies, recipes, games, with a chat room and a forum, and pages for the Nipmuc Indian Association of Connecticut (NIAC). Got a Top 5% rating from Lycos -- don't miss it! Please note: these images are copyrighted and permission must be obtained from Tara Prindle, the page author, to reproduce any of these graphics.

Best! The Salem Witchcraft Trials by Doug Lindner [Link #181]
This site is so chock full of transcripts of the primary sources -- depositions, warrants, letters, petitions -- you really have to go and explore it for yourself! There are images, including portraits of Samuel Sewall, William Stoughton, William Phips, and Cotton Mather. The brief biographies of various participants are excellent, and the timeline of events very helpful!

Best! Danvers Archival Center: Witchcraft in Salem Village [Link #182]
from the site: "This site was created by the Danvers Archival Center, the local history, rare book and manuscript department of the Peabody Institute Library of Danvers, Massachusetts, with the support of the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia. Its purpose is to introduce a major area of Danvers' collections relating to the infamous Salem Village Witchcraft Trials of 1692. This Website is designed to provide accurate general information about these witchcraft events, as well as information on other aspects of Danvers' history. We hope you enjoy browsing our information." Includes a wealth of good stuff from the places where the events happened.

This site includes the portrait of Rev. Samuel Parris, with information about the circumstances of its discovery, and its dimensions The image is black-and-white, however, and seems to be a mirror image of the the real thing. See a version of this image at my site:

Best! Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Company: 17th-Century Books [Link #188]
This page is at a commercial site for a seller of rare books, and the reason I'm including it in my collection is that this particular "table" at the site is devoted to books from the 17th century, all of which are for sale, and which also include a lot of images of them.

Best! Maps of Salem Village in 1692 by W. P. Upham, 1866 [Link #190]
JPEG maps of Salem Village is it was in 1692 -- small (77K), medium (229K), and large (727K).

Best! The Plymouth Colony Archive Project at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champagn (formerly at the University of Virginia) by Patricia E. Scott Deetz and James Deetz [Link #207]
This is a terrific site for anyone researching the Plimoth colony: it includes legal and literary texts from the period, images of the material culture of the site, maps, reconstructions, and much more. If you are interested in Plimouth, start here.

From the site: "This Plymouth Colony Archive presents a collection of searchable texts, including court records, Colony laws, seminar analysis of various topics, biographical profiles of selected colonists, probate inventories, wills, a Glossary and Notes on Plymouth Colony, and Vernacular House Forms in Seventeenth Century Plymouth Colony: An Analysis of Evidence from the Plymouth Colony Room-by-Room Probate Inventories 1633-85."

Best! Salem Witchcraft: Holdings from Various Archives by Benjamin Ray [Link #230]
This is an archive of digital images of all the actual handwritten legal documents concerning the Salem Witchcraft Trials from various manuscript collections. You can actually look at the image of Samuel Parris's handwritten transcription of the examination of Martha Corey! Or the death warrant of Bridget Bishop. A small part of the site is still unavailable to the public because the holder(s) of some documents have not yet given the University of Virginia permission to do so, but the number of restricted manuscripts is very low. Some of the images are of better quality than others -- for instance, the images of the documents held at the Peabody-Essex Museum is taken from older black-and-white microfilm, but the new full-color digital photographs of the manuscripts at the Boston Public Library are absolutely luscious, with all the detail of the paper and ink. Each archive provides at least two sizes of each image, in case you are looking for very fine details in a manuscript. Definitely a class act!

Best! Cases of Conscience concerning evil SPIRITS Personating Men, Witchcrafts, infallible Proofs of Guilt in such as are accused with that Crime. by Increase Mather [Link #269]
The full text of this rare book from 1693 about witchcraft, in digital image format. Superb!

Best! Essex County (MA) Deeds Online: Historic Records [Link #274]
This site allows you to browse images of early deeds of Essex County. The images, however, are in TIF format, and require a special viewer. for Windows. Use can use Graphic Converter for the Mac to view them.

Best! The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636-1776 [Link #280]
On-line archive at the University of Connecticut Library. Images of the pages of the printed volumes of the records are available. Search capabilites are limited, but each volume's subject index can be browsed. Names of people and topics such as witchcraft can be looked up. Definitely worth investigating if Connecticut is where you want to be exploring!

MAGIC Historical Map Collection [Link #281]
Collection of maps from 1676-1900, including a marvelous map by Marden from 1676 with the names of the native peoples located geographically. Of course, considering this was the time of King Philip's War, such information was probably considered crucial to the English soldiers.

Matthew Grant Diary by Connecticut State Archives [Link #379]
From the site: "The note-book of Matthew Grant, first surveyor and second town clerk of the colony of Windsor, Conn., includes transcripts of sermons by the Revs. Thomas Hooker, John Warham, John Raynor, Thomas Brooks, Thomas Hanford, E.H. [possibly Ephraim Huit]. Also includes: Answers by Mr. John Cotton [relating to the Antinomian Controversy], Bible passages selected by Henry Jessey in support of the Fifth Monarchy, Henry Ainsworth's version of the Canticles, Grant family records, the Windsor church covenant, a List of persons hanged, Rules for measuring land, and Extracts from various religious books." The digital facsimile images look like they were made from microfilm images (they are black-and-white), but the navigation is excellent. Transcription is available as a PDF.

Rebecca Nurse Homestead [Link #10]
A nice profile of this 17th-century house in Danvers, MA, with several photographs. From the site: "Today the house includes three restored rooms with period furnishings of the 17th and 18th century, together with the out buildings and exhibition areas. The house is open to the public from June 15th to October 15th, Tuesday through Saturday from 1:00 to 4:30 and Sundays from 2:00 to 4:30, or by appointment throughout the year by calling (617) 774-8799. Admission is $1.50 for adults and $.75 for children under 16. To reach the Nurse homestead from route 128, take exit 24, north on Endicott Street, right on Sylvro Street, then bear left on Pine Street."

Examination of a Witch by T. E. Matteson [Link #39]
JPEG of the painting by T. E. Matteson, 1853, from the collection of The Peabody-Essex Museum. (526 x 379 pixels)

Salem Witch Trials Memorial [Link #41]
Several pages with pictures of the memorial to the people executed, created for the 300th anniversary of the event.

Magistrate Jonathan Corwin's House [Link #43]
JPEG photograph of the house, which is still standing in Salem, MA. (290 x 188 pixels)

Puritan Gravestone Rubbing [Link #46]
This JPEG (459 x213 pixels) is located on a page with a poem by Increase Mather, but I don't have any information about where the stone is, or what the dates of it are.

The Kennedy Center Honors: Arthur Miller [Link #95]
Biographical information about Arthur Miller, with a photograph.

Portrait of Cotton Mather [Link #111]
A low-quality JPEG of the standard portrait of Cotton Mather (141 x 200 pixels)

Mathew Brady Photograph of Edwin Forrest in the role of Metamora, circa 1860 [Link #118]
John Augustus Stone's play "Metamora, or the Last of the Wampanoags," (1829) was based on the story of Metacom, a.k.a. King Philip, and was very popular for a long time, and a long time after King Philip's War, the events of which inspired the play.

Schooling, Education, and Literacy in Colonial America [Link #158]
Nice site with information about education in colonial North America before 1700. Lots of images of horn books, primers, and maps.

17th Century Fashion Links Page by Tara Maginnis [Link #161]
All the links you could ever want regarding clothing and costume for the 17th century! Internal links have excellent pages with lots of period images of people. Part of the Costumer's Manifesto website.

17th Century Men's Fashions by Tara Maginnis [Link #162]
A small but elegant collection of images of the men's clothing of the period, mostly French and English, from contemprary drawings and etchings. Part of the Costumer's Manifesto website.

17th Century Musket Drill [Link #166]
Illustrated instructions on how to fire a 17th century musket. From The Journal for Military Miniature Enthusiasts

16th & 17th Century Coifs [Link #168]
Illustrated info about women's embroidered "coifs" of the period.

Rev. Samuel Parris: Undated Miniature Portrait [Link #180]
A color scan of the only portrait known to exist of Rev. Samuel Parris of Salem Village, at the center of the witchcraft hysteria.

Early Massachusetts Currency 1690-1750 [Link #217]
Includes inmages of various paper currency, including a 5 shilling note from Massachusetts in 690.

Examples of Old Handwriting [Link #220]
An interesting scan of examples of handwritten alphabets from the 17th century.

Portrait of Samuel Parris [Link #227]
From the site: "This portrait was found in 1982 among uncatalogued Endicott papers in the Massachusetts Historical Society. On the enclosing envelope William C. Endicott, Jr., had written, 'Miniature of Rev. Mr. [Samuel] Parris.' Parris in his 1720 will had made reference to bequeathing 'my own picture' to his son Noyes, and in 1790 another son, Deacon Samuel Parris, bequeathed to his son Samuel, 'my Grandfather's and father's pictures.' An 1839 letter by Rev. G. W. Porter of Boston offered the loan 'of the miniature Portrait of the Revd Mr.Paris of Salem' to artist Washington Allston for copying, an offer the artist declined. Although it is unknown how and where Endicott acquired this miniature, it is well known that he was an avid late 19th and early 20th century collector of local history memorabilia. "The original brass-framed, color portrait measures 2 1/4 " high by 1 3/4 " wide and is of the style typical of late 17th centuryEnglish artists. It portrays a fair-complected man with aquiline nose, dark brown eyes and light brown, shoulder-length hair.He appears to be in his 20s or 30s, is wearing a knotted cravat and may very well be Samuel Parris prior to his religious calling. If so, this is the only known portrait of any inhabitant of 1692 Salem Village."

A Salem Story on Hog Island [Link #238]
This page shows several nice photographs of the buildings constructed on Hog Island, off the coast of Massachusetts, of the Salem Village set for the film of The Crucible

MovieWeb: The Crucible [Link #239]
Basic entry for the 1996 film of The Crucible, including a list of the cast, and many stills.

National Women's Hall of Fame: Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643) [Link #250]
Brief overview of the life of Anne Hutchinson. Includes an image of her.

Petition of 10 Persons of Ipswich [Link #267]
Digital image from the Library of Congress of a petition by ten people accused of witchcraft in the Salem trials of 1692, to be released from prison because of the harsh conditions.

Map of Andover, MA, in 1692 by Research on North Andover Center by Forbes Rockwell & Carl R. Smith. Research on other areas by Gratia Mahony. Map drawn by James S. Batchelder. [Link #275]
An excellent map in three different resolutions of the town of Andover, MA, in 1692

A Very Grave Matter by Jenn Marcelais [Link #357]
From the site: "a collection of photographs and historical information of colonial cemeteries and gravestones of New England in southern Maine, southern New Hampshire and northeast Massachusetts."
  • Capt. Daniel Epps Includes gravestone picture and court case from Essex County Quarterly Courts, about the disputed ownership of an Indian boy named Lionel.

Best! The Goody Parsons Witchcraft Case: A Journey to 17th Century Northampton by Historic Northampton and the Center for Computer Based Instructional Technology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. [Link #365]
An excellent site about one of the lesser-known case of witchcraft accusation in the 17th century. The site includes images of original documents (with transcriptions), photographs of period homes, maps, and some portraits. From the site: "Mary Parsons is perhaps the most infamous resident of Northampton's early settlement period. She was involved in witchcraft-related trials in 1656 and 1674, and possibly again in 1679. Her story is a fascinating one that sheds light on the workings of the Puritan mind and the complicated social and cultural situation of the period."

Robert Chapman Letter (1687) by Judith Halseth, Ed.D [Link #368]
from the site: "In 1687 Robert Chapman wrote a letter to his children, and the 18th century copy of this letter was given to NEHGS in 1917 by Miss Mary Chapman." Includes images of the 18th century copy and a transcription of this 26-page document.

Indian deed for Boston, 19 March 1685 [Link #369]
from the website: "This 1685 quitclaim deed formalized the transfer of the peninsula that became the town of Boston from the native Massachuset Indians to the English colonists."

Best! The Farber Gravestone Collection by David Rumsey [Link #371]
fromt he website: "The Farber Gravestone Collection is an unusual resource containing over 13,500 images documenting the sculpture on more than 9,000 gravestones, most of which were made prior to 1800, in the Northeastern part of the United States. The late Daniel Farber of Worcester, Massachusetts, and his wife, Jessie Lie Farber, were responsible for the largest portion of the collection. This online version of the Farber Gravestone Collection is sponsored by the American Antiquarian Society. The Web site and online image database have been created by David Rumsey and Cartography Associates."

Links in this Category = 47

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This page was last updated Feb. 15, 2009 by Margo Burns, My email address.